Name in Smith, 1943 : Enhydris plumbea

Current Scientific Name :

Enhydris plumbea ( Boie, 1827 )

Common Name : Plumbeous Smooth-scaled Water Snake

Enhydris plumbea ( Boie, 1827 )
Plumbeous Smooth-scaled Water Snake

Material Examined : 1 adult and 1 juvenile.

Description & Scalation : Body stout, cylindrical. Head not very distinct from neck; snout broadly rounded. Eye small, with vertical pupil; a single triangular internasal not in contact with the loreal; loreal as long as high; frontal broader than supraocular; 1 preocular just reaches upper surface of the head, not touching the frontal; 2 postoculars; temporals 1+1; Scales smooth, glossy in 19:19:17 rows; supralabials 8 ( 4th in contact with the eye, 7th and 8th largest ); infralabials 9, first 5 touching the first pair of genials; ventrals 123–126; subcaudals 32-44, paired; tail short; anal divided.

Coloration : Uniform dark blackish-brown above; outer two scale rows grayish-white. Belly scales pale white, with small irregular brown spots. Juveniles darker in color.

Natural History : A grooved-fanged snake, nocturnal as well as diurnal in habits. Mainly found near paddy fields, ponds and tidal rivers, in the costal areas. One dead, adult specimen was seen on the Galathea river bank in Great Nicobar Island, at low tide. Feeds on fish and frogs. Gives birth to 6-30 young that resemble adults. Grows upto 56cm.

Distribution - India : Recorded only from Great Nicobar Island. Elsewhere: Most of Southeast Asia.

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Visitors Since 15th June 2012.
Last Updated Date 13 August 2013.